Members of Congress heavily invested in firms with Pentagon contracts

This revelatory conflict-of-interest (or, should we say, interest-in-conflict?) piece was posted on a Ron Paul list.

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FINANCE: U.S. Lawmakers Invested in Iraq, Afghanistan Wars
By Abid Aslam

WASHINGTON, Apr 7 (IPS) - U.S. lawmakers have a financial interest in
military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, a review of their accounts
has revealed.

Members of Congress invested nearly 196 million dollars of their own
money in companies that receive hundreds of millions of dollars a day
from Pentagon contracts to provide goods and services to U.S. armed
forces, say nonpartisan watchdog groups.

David Petraeus, the top U.S. general in Iraq, is to brief the Senate
Foreign Relations and Armed Services committees on Tuesday and
Wednesday. The latest findings are unlikely to have a significant impact
on this week's proceedings but could stoke anti-incumbent sentiment in
this year of presidential and legislative elections.

Lawmakers charged with overseeing Pentagon contractors hold stock in
those very firms, as do vocal critics of the war in Iraq, says the
Centre for Responsive Politics (CRP).

Senator John Kerry, the Democrat from Massachusetts who staked his 2004
presidential bid in part on his opposition to the war, tops the list of
investors. His holdings in firms with Pentagon contracts of at least
five million dollars stood at between 28.9 million dollars and 38.2
million dollars as of Dec. 31, 2006. Kerry sits on the Senate foreign
relations panel.

Members of Congress are required to report their personal finances every
year but only need to state their assets in broad ranges.

Other top investors include Representative Rodney Frelinghuysen, a New
Jersey Republican with holdings of 12.1 million - 49.1 million dollars;
Rep. Robin Hayes, a North Carolina Republican (9.2 million - 37.1
million dollars); Republican Rep. James Sensenbrenner Jr. of Wisconsin
(5.2 million - 7.6 million dollars); and Rep. Jane Harman, a California
Democrat (2.7 million - 6.3 million dollars).

Sen. Jay Rockefeller, the Democrat and former governor of West Virginia
who chairs the Senate Select Intelligence Committee, invested some 2.0
million dollars in Pentagon contractors, CRP says.

Other panel chiefs who invested in defence firms include Sen. Joseph
Lieberman, the Connecticut Independent who presides over the Senate
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee, and Rep. Howard
Berman, the California Democrat who heads the House Foreign Affairs

In all, 151 current members of Congress -- more than one-fourth of the
total -- have invested between 78.7 million dollars and 195.5 million
dollars in companies that received defence contracts of at least 5.0
million dollars, according to CRP.

These companies received more than 275.6 billion dollars from the
government in 2006, or 755 million dollars per day, says budget watchdog
group OMB Watch.

The investments yielded lawmakers 15.8 million - 62 million dollars in
dividend income, capital gains, royalties, and interest from 2004
through 2006, says CRP.

Not all the firms deal in arms or military equipment. Some make soft
drinks or medical supplies and military contracts represent a small
fraction of their revenues. Many are leaders in their industries and, as
such, feature in the investment portfolios of millions of ordinary
people who invest at least a portion of their savings in mutual funds,
which in turn hold stocks in up to hundreds of companies.

"Giant corporations outside of the defence sector, such as Pepsico, IBM,
Microsoft and Johnson & Johnson, have received defence contracts and are
all popular investments for both members of Congress and the general
public," says CRP.

"So common are these companies, both as personal investments and as
defence contractors, it would appear difficult to build a diverse
blue-chip stock portfolio without at least some of them," the group

If some of the stocks appear innocent, aides say legislators also are.
Some did not buy the stocks in question but inherited them. Many hold
them in blind trusts, so called because the investments are handled by
independent entities, at least theoretically without the politicians'
knowledge of how their assets are being managed.

Even so, according to CRP, owning stock in companies under contract with
the Pentagon could prove "problematic for members of Congress who sit on
committees that oversee defence policy and budgeting."

Members of the Senate Foreign Relations and Armed Services committees
held 3.0 million - 5.1 million dollars in companies specialising in
weapons and other exclusively military goods and services, it added.

Critics have assailed President George W. Bush and Vice President
Richard Cheney for their ties to companies seen as benefiting from the
Iraq and Afghanistan wars. Bush was characterised as pushing conflict in
the interest of the oil fraternity whence he hailed.

Before becoming vice president, Cheney headed Halliburton, a major
player in the oil services industry and the object of controversies
involving political connections, government contracts, and business

Halliburton's subsidiary, Kellogg Brown & Root, was given
multi-billion-dollar contracts to provide construction, hospitality, and
other services to the U.S. military following the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
The contracts drew fire because of Cheney's history and then-ongoing
financial relationship with the firm, and because the company did not
have to compete for the Pentagon's business. The firm was renamed KBR
Inc. after Halliburton spun it off last year.